ORIGINS OF CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY PHILOSOPHICAL ROOTS Socrates (470 399 BC) Plato (428 337 BC) and Aristotle (384 322 BC) * Theorised about memory, sleep, dreams, the senses, sport and pain, imagination, desire, whether humans were born(p)(p) good or evil, whether humans were born with or without association and whether humans were born to be rational or ill-advised beings * These philosophers debated many questions that psychologists continue to debate today: * ar we born with our thoughts, feelings and behaviour (genetic) or are they acquired through biography bears? (Nature vs get up debate today) * Is our thought and dust distinct, cover magnetic declination entities or are they one and the same thing?
(They believed that estimation and consistence were separate barely the wit could control the physical structure but non vice versa) Rene Descartes * Challenged the view of the philosophers regarding the relationship between the brainpower and body * agree that the mind and body are contrasting things (mind is non-physical, spiritual entity; body is physical, fleshy structure) * Believed the mind and body came into advert through the pineal gland (located deep in the encephalon) which enabled the mind and brain to move to produce sensations, thoughts, emotions and other conscious experiences (what we are aware of) * Descartes as well argued that the mind could affect the body and the body could affect the mind * Rene Descartes (1596 1650) Rene Descartes (1596 1650) Descartess understanding of t he brain was limited and often wrong but he ! brought the mind and body closer together Mind-brain line * Views on the mind-body hassle among philosophers over the centuries laid the groundwork for a contemporary version of the puzzle. However the mind-body problem now tends to be more specifically described in psychology as the mind-brain problem * Mind-brain problem questions the relationship between brain activity and conscious experience i.e. the...If you demand to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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